Population of Nepal

The population of Nepal is 27,070 thousand people. (estimated for 2004). The increase is 2.26% per year. In the 1930s, its population was about 5.6 million people, according to the 1961 census – 9.4 million people, according to the 1971 census – 11.56 million people, according to the 1991 census – 18.5 million people. … Government-sponsored family planning programs since the 1950s have not had a significant impact on population growth. Life expectancy is 59 years (2003).

Nepalese Christians participate in a mass prayer in the open as they celebrate Easter Sunday in Katmandu, Nepal, Sunday, April 4, 2010. Christians are a minority in this Himalayan nation, where majority of the population are Hindus. (AP Photo/ Binod Joshi)

The majority of the population is concentrated in the Kathmandu region (population density is more than 1000 people / sq. Km.) And the Terai zone (200 people / sq. Km.). The mountainous regions in the north are poorly populated, there are no permanent settlements above 4000 m above sea level. Throughout the 20th century. there is a significant redeployment of the Nepalese from the western mountainous regions to the eastern and to the Terai region. Hindi-speaking migrants from India are also sent to the latter, and now they constitute the majority of the population there against the background of several small indigenous peoples.

The country is dominated by the rural population; only about 12% live in cities. Average density – about 180 people / sq. km. Kathmandu has a population of 1230 thousand. (2003). The largest city in the foothills, near the border with India, is Biratnagar (174 thousand). Most large cities are located near Kathmandu and in the Terai zone: Lalitpur (Patan) (169 thousand) and Bhaktapur (61 thousand). The city of Pokhara (130 thousand) is located in the central part of the country.

Up to about 10 million Nepalese natives and their descendants have settled in India, especially in its northeastern mountain regions and in Sikkim, as well as in Bhutan and Myanmar.